What is VOC’s
Why you need our Water filter!
A volatile organic compound (VOC) has a molecular make-up containing carbon and chemical properties that allow it to be present as a gas under typical room temperature. The term VOC applies to a very broad category of chemicals, and they can be found in many forms in the environment, including both human-made and naturally occurring chemical compounds.
VOCs are found in a variety of commercial, industrial, and residential products, including gasoline, solvents, cleaners and degreasers, paints, inks and dyes, and pesticides. When VOCs are found in the environment it is typically the result of human activity, such as a spill or inappropriate disposal where the chemical has been allowed to soak into the ground. Once released into the environment, VOCs may be carried deeper into an aquifer in the form of a non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL), evaporating low concentrations of VOCs as it is transported through the subsurface.
VOCs are most often referred to in the context of chemicals that have the potential to affect the environment or human health. Consequently, VOCs are defined in different ways under different environmental, health and safety regulations.
Potencial health effects
Benzene, for example, may enter groundwater from gasoline or oil spills on the ground surface or from leaking underground fuel tanks. Other examples of commonly detected VOCs are dichloromethane (methylene chloride), an industrial solvent; trichloroethylene, used in septic system cleaners; and tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene), used in the dry-cleaning industry. Exposure risk is determined based on the individual constituents of the VOC compound, with each having the potential to trigger different symptoms, human health effects, or illnesses.